Carpet manufacturing is an industry that involves the weaving of carpets into different types of fabrics. Up until the mid-nineteenth century, most carpets were produced on hand-operated looms. However, in 1842, Erastus B. Bigelow invented a power-driven ingrain loom. This invention increased carpet production into the early 1930s, leading to the development of an oligopoly among carpet manufacturing companies.
During the 19th century, Fred Bradbury wrote a book on the subject, titled Carpet Manufacture: The Art of Making Carpets
Unlike modern-day machines, hand-looms produce a greater amount of carpet, allowing for more varied designs. In the United States, carpet manufacturing began in Philadelphia. The invention of the power-loom compelled some of the most talented inventors to turn their attention to this problem. A loom for weaving Brussels and Tapestry was created by Mr. Collier, who had visited the United States several times. Bigelow’s patent was purchased by Messrs. Crossley and Co., who then introduced the power-loom into the country. This invention created a revolution in the carpet industry.
In modern-day carpet manufacturing, the warp and weft threads are clipped and laid out in the frame of the machine. A moving part runs along the edge and sews the two ends together. Then, the ends of the carpet are hemmed and fastened to the floor. After completing the process, the seams are pressed and damped. A proper seam is barely visible. Once finished, a carpet can be installed in a home.