Carpet Types and Carpet Manufacture
There are a variety of types of carpets available in the lexmarkLiving market. These include hand-tufted, knotted pile and Wilton cut-pile. Let’s look at some of them. Each one has its own characteristics and benefits. To choose the best one for your home, you should consider its style, construction and color.
Hand-knotted carpets are classic, timeless pieces. They have a unique texture and a unique appearance that set them apart from machine-made carpets. The process of hand knotting a carpet requires patience and a great deal of skill. There are about 18 different steps involved.
The process begins with the creation of a pattern. The pattern is usually either horizontal or vertical, and the weaver uses warp and weft threads that run inside and outside of the loom. The weft threads are then cut and carefully knotted to express the design. The finished product is then sent for washing. The carpet is then soaked in water and excess dye is removed using special wooden scrapers. After this, the carpet is dried for up to five days, and final details are added to finish it off.
There are a few major differences between woven and hand-tufted carpets. While woven carpets tend to last longer, tufted carpets can fade color. The yarns used in tufted carpets are often printed, which can fade over time. In contrast, woven carpet yarns are typically pre-dyed and will retain color for many years.
In hand-tufted carpet creation, the process begins with a mood board, or design concept. This mood board will be discussed with the ICE design team, and the artwork will be printed onto the cloth. It is then stretched over a vertical frame. Next, the raw materials are dyed to achieve the desired colour. The final step involves using a special compressed air gun to shoot U-shaped tufts through the cloth. The tufting gun is fitted with tiny scissors that help measure the pile height. After the tufting process, a protective cloth is applied to the back of the carpet to prevent the tufts from slipping and falling out.
Knotted pile carpets
Knotted pile carpets are those which have been knotted by hand. The pile of these carpets is usually made of wool. This type of carpet has the highest compression recovery rate, and it also shows minimum pile abrasion. Wool hand knotted carpets are therefore durable and resistant to stains.
Knotted pile carpets are different from flat woven carpets. They have raised surfaces made from the cut ends of the knots. These knots can be made in a variety of styles, including the Ghiordes knot, the Senneh knot, or the kilim, which is a flat-woven carpet without a pile. The number of warps and the type of knots used determine the height and thickness of the pile. For example, the Ghiordes knot uses two warps and is a more dense and durable knot.
Wilton cut-pile carpets
Wilton cut-pile carpets are a versatile option for the home. They feature an attractive textured design made from a continuous yarn, which is raised above an integral backing. The process can involve the use of wires or hooks to raise the pile threads, which can result in different surface textures. The continuous yarns also produce a waste yarn on the back of the carpet.
Traditionally, Wilton cut-pile carpets used the Jacquard weaving process. They can have up to five colours or patterns. Today, many of these are available in six or eight colours, depending on the manufacturer. This type of carpet is woven at 9.5 pitches per inch and 11 wires per inch, making them an economical choice.
Persian (or Senneh) knot
Persian knot carpet manufacture is an art form with a long history. The first knotted carpets were probably woven by the nomads of the region, using wool from their herds. The oldest knotted carpet found in the Middle East dates back to the 5th century BC, and its presence shows that the art of carpet making was already widespread. Over the centuries, it was perfected and refined.
Persian knot carpet manufacture combines different techniques to produce a stunning rug. The process begins with the foundation of warps, vertical strands that run through the carpet. The artisan then weaves individual pieces of wool around the warps. During this process, the weft strand is inserted between each knot, which helps hold the knots in place. This process can take months or even years.